The Best Pigmentation Treatment for Face

The Best Pigmentation Treatment for Face

We all aspire to have glowing complexions, don’t we? Ones that allow us to go makeup-free day in and day out, and still look good. Alas, most of the time we are nowhere near obtaining that perfect skin. If not plagued by pimples, we are overwhelmed by dark spots and extra melanin production, which give us the not so fresh-looking countenance we want. So, what do we do about it? Here is what, let’s scrutinise the best pigmentation treatment in Singapore with the help of Dr. David Ng Cheow Hua from One Face Skin & Aesthetics Clinic located at 1 Tras Link #02-01 Orchid Hotel.

Kojic Acid for Skin Care

Kojic acid is a by-product of certain foods fermenting such as rice, mushrooms, soy sauce, or Japanese sake. It can also be made of different species of fungi. When used topically, it helps with some forms of pigmentation, especially dark patches and age spots (called liver spots). The product comes in different concentrations - the smallest ones are sold over the counter and the rest are available through prescription only. The way it works is by inhibiting melanin production which is why it is lauded to have skin-lightening properties. Another benefit of the acid is that it boasts antimicrobial activity. The only downside is there may be some side effects like irritation, redness, and itchiness.

Q: Where is this procedure performed?

A: At a beauty centre or clinic.

Q: How often should I come back for a top-up once I reduce pigmentation?

A: To keep the results going, undergo the treatment on occasion - say, once every few months.

Q: What is the downtime like?

A: There is no downtime.

Q: Is it painful?

A: No.

You also can check the article 8 common myths on pigmentation treatments written by Dr. David Ng Cheow Hua on his website.

Microdermabrasion

face-pigmentation

Another way to treat pigmentation is called microdermabrasion. It is a non-invasive manipulation used to freshen up the complexion. It offers very light abrasion coupled with a suction mechanism that serves to eliminate dead skin cells from the face. Targeted solely at the epidermis, it doesn’t reach further down other layers and causes minimum discomfort. The main tool is a handheld brush that is pressed gently against the skin up and down to do away with dead tissue.

Generally speaking, microdermabrasion is comfortable and pleasant, but the effects are not as strong as the ones generated by other manipulations. Yet, it works for all skin types. You can get a microdermabrasion treatment at Edwin Lim Medical Aesthetic Clinic - Address: #02-12/13 Changi City Point, 5 Changi Business Park

Q: Where is this procedure performed?

A: At the doctor’s office.

Q: How often should I come back for a top-up once I achieve the outcome I am after?

A: To obtain the ideal results, you may have to plan multiple sessions. In most cases, three manipulations are the absolute minimum if you want to see a difference. After that, you may reduce the treatments to twice per year.

Q: What is the downtime like?

A: A couple of hours.

Q: Is it painful?

A: No. In fact, if there is any pain involved, you should let your dermatologist know immediately.

Dermabrasion Treatment for Pigmentation

This is a procedure which serves to exfoliate the skin on a deeper level. It is different from hyperpigmentation treatment creams in that it removes the top layer of the skin, leaving tiny punctures on the surface (artificial scarring). Plus, it is stronger than microdermabrasion since it also affects the second layer of the skin other than the epidermis.

The treatment involves rapidly sliding a rotating instrument across the skin, all the while keeping the affected area numbed with the use of an anaesthetic gel. This ensures that the manipulation is not painful or if so - that the discomfort is short-lived. It is suitable for a multitude of skin problems like uneven texture, fine lines, acne scars, sun spots (caused by excessive sun exposure), and pigmentation.

Dermabrasion is carried out on an outpatient basis, allowing you to go home as soon as it is over. For best results, you will need to undertake a series of sessions.

Q: Where is this procedure performed?

A: At a reputable aesthetic clinic.

Q: What is the downtime like?

A: The recovery time is around two weeks based on the level of abrasion used during the session. It takes longer for the skin to heal than it does with microdermabrasion, not to mention the former treatment creates a certain amount of discomfort that is not present in the latter.

Q: Is it painful?

A: It can get uncomfortable at a certain point, considering that some areas are more sensitive than others, but the anaesthetic should make the experience more bearable. If you have a low pain threshold, it may be harder to tolerate.

Chemical Peels

Similarly to microdermabrasion, chemical peels have exfoliating properties and are meant to dispose of dead skin by targeting the upper layer. This is a solution made up of different substances that creates small injuries in the skin once applied to it. This, in turn, induces a healing process, which helps to get rid of the unnecessary stuff and generate new, healthier tissues. The redundant part then peels off, revealing a smoother complexion and even skin tone with fewer pigmentation problems.

Various chemicals are used for this procedure. Some penetrate deep into the skin, while others are actively involved on the surface. This is what determines the intensity of the treatment - the stronger the solution, the farther down it goes.

Q: Where is this procedure performed?

A: At the doctor’s office or at a beauty centre. It is recommended that you visit certified clinics for this type of treatments.

Q: What types of acids are used?

A: Retinoic, beta hydroxy, alpha hydroxy acids, phenol-croton oil.

Q: How often should I come back for a top-up once I achieve the outcome I am after?

A: If you want to maintain the results, a couple of sessions a year will help get you through.

Q: How do you determine if your pigmentation treatment is effective?

A: You better check this one here: https://onefaceclinic.com/how-do-you-determine-if-your-pigmentation-treatments-are-effective-for-you/

Q: What is the downtime like?

A: It depends on the chemicals you apply. Mild peels have no recovery period, whereas deep ones require a week off work.

Q: Is it painful?

A: No, it shouldn’t be painful but there might be slight discomfort.

Laser Treatments

before-after pigmentation treatment

Ultimately, what has shown to have the biggest impact on skin pigmentation is laser treatment. It also seems to be the most expensive of all such therapies. It involves pointing small beams of concentrated light towards the epidermis with the goal to remove clusters of pigment from the desired areas. Most machines these days come with a specialised device designed to cool the skin during the manipulation and relieve the discomfort. In some cases, depending on the intensity of the procedure, an anaesthetic cream might be slathered on the face.

When it comes to lasers and all other minimally-invasive treatments in general, it is important to choose a skilled professional with extensive knowledge about what works and how much of it is needed to get the desired outcome. There are a variety of devices and brands that can help to make your face more vibrant and free of pigmentation, but each and every case is utterly different. Upon examining your skin - how flexible it is, which areas are affected by dark spots and how severe they are - the specialist will suggest proper treatment and plan the approximate number of sessions you will need.

Q: What laser treatment options are there?

A: Carbon laser peel, fractional CO2 laser, Pico laser bubble lift, Q-switch laser, etc.

Q: Where is this procedure performed?

A: Always have your laser sessions done by a professional dermatologist.

Q: How often should I come back for a top-up once I achieve the outcome I am after?

A: Once a year will be fine.

Q: What is the downtime like?

A: That would depend on the laser type and the intensity of the manipulation. Some procedures allow you to go back to work right away. Others require that you take a few days off. Remember that your skin needs time to recover fully.

Q: Is it painful?

A: Some areas will probably give you a hard time despite the numbing cream. Overall, it shouldn’t be unbearable.